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Family :


Division :



Trees or shrubs, rarely climbers, herbs or hemi-epiphytic, with a milky latex. Leaves petiolate, simple, entire, serrate or lobed. Inflorescence axillary cymes, usually in the form of racemes, often catkins, globose heads, spikes or hypanthodium. Flowers minute, unisexual, actinomorphic, hypogynous to epigynous. Sepals free or connate. Petals absent. Stamens as many as sepals, antisepalous, often less, anther dithecous, pistillode present or absent. Ovary bicarpellate, one carpel frequently abortive, unilocular with solitary ovule, styles 2(-1), filiform, simple or forked. Fruit usually a drupe, rarely an achene, enveloped by an enlarged calyx or immersed in a fleshy receptacle, often joined into a syncarp. Seed solitary, endosperm present or absent.

Key to the Genus

Serial Key Reference
1a. Inflorescence fig, flowers completely enclosed within a hollow receptacle Ficus
1b. Inflorescence capitulum, spike or raceme, or with flowers partially inserted on a discoid receptacle 2
2a. Plant monoecious trees; stamen 1 Artocarpus
2b. Plant dioecious, shrubs, climbers or trees; stamens more than 1 3
3a. Ovary perigynous; leaves spinous-toothed Sorocea
3b. Ovary superior; leaves entire, denticulate or palmately lobed 4
4a. Plants armed Maclura
4b. Plants unarmed 5
5a. Trees or shrubs; styles bifid 6
5b. Woody climbers; styles not divided; female flowers in globose heads Broussonetia
6a. Leaves alternate; pistillode often present; fruit enclosed by prominently enlarged succulent calyx Morus
6b. Leaves distichous; pistillode absent; fruit not enclosed by succulent calyx Streblus