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Family :

STRELITZIACEAE

Division :

Angiosperm

Genus of this Family

Description


Perennial herbs, or shrubs or small banana-like trees with rhizomes. Leaves distichously arranged, blade simple, midrib prominent, petiole long, blade rolled up in bud. Inflorescence terminal or axillary, with spathe-like distichous bracts, each bract enveloping a few-flowered monochasial cyme. Flowers bisexual, epigynous, irregular. Tepals 6, biseriate, outer 3 sepals free or more or less adnate to corolla, outer 3 petals variously connate, sometimes very unequal. Perfect stamens 5 or rarely 6, sometimes the 6th imperfect petaloid staminode, filaments elongate, anthers linear, 2-locular. Carpels 3, united, ovary 3-locular, loculi 1 to many-ovuled, placentation axile, styles terminal, stigmas 3. Fruit a loculicidal capsule. Seeds numerous, arillate.

Key to the Genus

Serial Key Reference
1a. Erect small tree with palm-like trunk; flowers slightly zygomorphic, sepals and petals hardly distinguishable; stamens 6 Ravenala
1b. Clump-forming perennial herb without any trunk; flowers strongly zygomorphic; sepals and petals distinguishable; stamens 5 Strelitzia