shrubs or rarely small trees. Leaves simple, petiolate, ovate or orbicular,
entire, lobed or variously dissected, serrate to crenate, hairy or glabrous.
Stipule free, mostly caducous. Flowers axillary, solitary or in compound cymes,
bisexual, hypogynous. Epicalyx 3-16 or more, free or connate, sometimes absent.
Sepals usually 5, persistent, spathaceous and caducous. Petals 5, basally fused
to the androecium. Stamens numerous, monadelphous, anthers unilocular,
reniform. Carpels 5 in a single whorl. Ovary superior, 3-many locular, style 1,
long, passing through the stamina tube. Fruit a schizocarp or a loculicidal
capsule. Seeds reniform, ovoid or globose, glabrous or densely hairy.