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Family :


Division :



Trees or shrubs, with milky latex. Leaves simple, alternate, petiolate, lamina entire and coriaceous. Flowers solitary or axillary cymose clusters. Calyx usually of 4-6 (-12) in 2-whorls, persistent. Petals as many as or twice as many as the sepals. Stamens epipetalous, as many as the petals and opposite to them, arranged in 1-3 whorls, usually only the inner whorl fertile, often fertile stamens alternate with the staminodes, anthers oblong-lanceolate. Carpels 2-14, united, with 1-14 loculed superior ovary, ovule 1 to more in each locule, style 1, stigmas minute. Fruit a berry. Seeds 1 or few, ellipsoidal.

Key to the Genus

Serial Key Reference
1a. Sepals usually 4 or 6 in 2 whorls 2
1b. Sepals 4 or 5 in 1 whorl 5
2a. Sepals usually 4 Madhuca
2b. Sepals usually 6 3
3a. Corolla appendages present; stamens 6-8; staminodes present 4
3b. Corolla appendages absent; stamens 12-18; staminodes absent Palaquium
4a. Fertile stamens 6; calyx 6-lobed Manilkara
4b. Fertile stamens 8; calyx 6-8- lobed Mimusops
5a. Filaments with a cluster of villous hairs on both sides, rarely at only one side, at base; staminodes awned; plant usually spinous Xantolis
5b. Filaments without hairs; staminodes not awned; plant not spinous Planchonella