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Family :


Division :



Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, often shrublets or trees, bristly or scabrous hairy with tubercled base. Leaves simple, alternate or very rarely opposite, entire or serrate, exstipulate. Inflorescence scorpioid cymes, rarely solitary, bracts present or absent. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic,  rarely zygomorphic. Calyx 5-lobed, imbricate or valvate, persistent. Corolla 5-lobed, gamopetalous, twisted or imbricate, salver-shaped, funneliform or campanulate. Stamens as many as corolla lobes and alternate, attached to tube, anthers longitudinal slits. Ovary 2 united, superior, 4-locular by false septum, style terminal or gynobasic. Fruits drupe or nutlet, 1-4 seeded. Seeds erect or oblique,

Key to the Genus

Serial Key Reference
1a. Ovary undivided; style terminal 2
1b. Ovary 4-lobed; style gynobasic Cynoglossum
2a. Styles twice two partite, calyx enlarging in fruits Cordia
2b. Styles simple or only once 2-partite, calyx not enlarging in fruit 3
3a. Styles depressed-conical at apex or with horizontal ring below or at sigma 4
3b. Styles elongated, not dilated or annular at apex 5
4a. Shrubs, more or less scandent; pyrenes 2, 2-seeded Tournefortia
4b. Herbs; pyrenes-4, 1-seeded Heliotropium
5a. Twigy shrubs, stigma capitate, pyrenes four, 1-seeded Rotula
5b. Trees or shrubs stigma more or less 2-partite 6
6a. Trees or shrubs; style 2-fid at apex Ehretia
6b. Prostrate herbs; style more or less separate Coldenia