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Genus :


Family :



Annual or perennial, erect glabrous herbs. Stem more or less 4-angled. Leaves sessile or shortly petiolate, ovate to elliptic, entire, 3-5 nerved base. Flowers in leafy, dichotomous cymes, 4-5 merous, bracts foliaceous. Calyx deeply lobed, enlarged and persistent in fruits, lobes dorsally keeled, winged or flat. Corolla rotate, tube short, broadly cylindrical, lobes contorted in bud, ovate to elliptic, acute or obtuse apex. Stamens inserted in throat of corolla, filaments very short, dilated base, anthers 2-celled. Ovary 2-celled by intrusion of locular wall, styles long, declinate, stigmas capitate or 2-lobed. Capsules globose or ovoid, septicidally 2-valved. Seeds numerous, minute, angular.

Key to the species

Serial Key Reference
1a. Plants up to 45 cm high; leaves 3 nerved; calyx lobe distinctly winged E. pedunculatum
1b. Plants up to 1m high; leaves 5 nerved; calyx lobes scarcely winged E. tetragonum