shrubs, foetid when bruised. Leaves opposite or rarely whorled, entire, usually
petiolate, stipules ovate to narrowly triangular, sometimes bifid.
Inflorescence terminal or lateral, thyrsoid or paniculate, lax, bracteate.
Flowers pedicellate or subsessile, (4-) 5 (-6)-merous. Calyx tube obsolete,
lobes minute to relatively long, triangular or subulate, persistent in fruits.
Corolla funnel-shaped to campanulate, glabrous to pubescent outside, tube
densely villous inside, lobes valvate in buds. Stamens included, filaments very
short, anthers oblong. Ovary bilocular, ovule solitary, styles filiform,
included. Fruits globose to ovoid, sometimes compressed pyrens seperated when