or perennial grasses. Culms tufted, erect or creeping, branching at nodes.
Leaves narrowly linear. Inflorescence of 2-many racemes, 4-18 cm long, rachis
jointed, internodes sparsely hairy. Spikelets paired, 1 sessile and the other
pedicelled, or in threes, disarticulating with pedicels; glumes equal, hairy,
lower glumes flat, 2-keeled, 2-nerved, upper glumes 3-nerved, keeled on median
nerve; lower florets empty or sterile, upper florets bisexual; lemmas short,
translucent, deeply bilobed, awned, awn bent below middle, lower part twisted.
Stamens 3, rarely 2.