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Genus :

Areca

Family :

ARECACEAE

Species of this Genus

Description


Slender palms, stems tall, erect, ringed with leaf scars. Leaves pinnatisect, distal segments merging or blending together, sheaths closed, mostly  forming a  crownshaft. Inflorescence of infrafoliar spadix, borne below crownshaft, branched to 3 orders, spathes 3 or more, caducous, the lowest complete, the upper often bract-like. Male flowers : many, solitary or 2-nate, stamens 3 or 6, anthers basifixed. Female flowers : longer than males; perianth accrescent; sepals 3; petals 3; ovary 1-locular, stigmas 3, ovules basal. Fruit ellipsoid,  globose, or spindle-shaped. Seed 1 with basilar embryo.

Key to the species

Serial Key Reference
1a. Trunk solitary, more than 12 m in height; stamens 6. Fruit ovoid Areca catechu
1b. Trunk with basal offshoots, less than 8 m in height; stamens 3. Fruit ellipsoid Areca triandra