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Genus :

Phoenix

Family :

ARECACEAE

Description


Tall or dwarf, dioecious palms, stems solitary or clustered, short and subterranean to large and aerial, usually rough with very close nodes, often covered with persistent leaf bases. Leaves 8-50, pinnate, pinnae induplicate, lowest pinnae spinescent. Inflorescence of spadix, usually branched to 1 order, infrafoliar, peduncle bearing a prophyll, other bracts much reduced. Male flowers : stamens 6, filaments short, anthers dorsifixed. Female flowers :  staminodes 6,  carpels 3, free. Fruit oblong-elipsoid, mesocarp fleshy, sweet or bitter. Seed ventrally grooved, embryo subbasilar

 

Key to the species

Serial Key Reference
1a. . Stems solitary, embryo of the seed ventral. Inland species Phoenix sylvestris
1b. Stems soboliferous, embryo of the seed basilar. Species confined to muddy maritime swamps Phoenix paludosa