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Genus :


Family :



Herbs, undershrubs or shrubs, rarely small trees. Leaves simple or lobed, ovate, usually cordate. Flowers axillary, solitary or in terminal racemes. Epicalyx absent. Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed. Corolla campanulate, yellow, orange-yellow or white. Staminal column shorter than the petal, with many antheriferous filaments. Ovary with 5-40 locules, style 1, branched at the apex, branches as many as carpels. Fruit a schizocarp, mericarps reniform, dehiscent. Seeds 2-9 per mericarp, reniform.

Key to the species

Serial Key Reference
1a. Mericarps with two stout, erect patent awns 2
1b. Mericarps without awns, sometimes only with a short mucro up to 1 mm long 3
2a. Schizocarp campanulate with 5 mericarps; pedicel longer than petiole; staminal column with a short tubular part A. persicum
2b. Schizocarp cylindrical with 10-16 mericarps; pedicel shorter than petiole; staminal column without any tubular part A. theophrasti
3a. Mericarps with a short mucro; all parts of plant glabrescent or minutely stellately hairy A. indicum
3b. Mericarps without mucro; all parts of plant hispid A. hirtum