or perennial grasses, culms tufted, erect or creeping, branching at nodes.
Leaves narrowly linear. Inflorescence of 2-many racemes, 4-18 cm long, rachis
jointed, internodes sparsely hairy. Spikelets paired, 1 sessile and other
pedicelled, or in threes, 1 sessile and other 2 pedicelled, disarticulating
with pedicels. Glumes equal, hairy, lower glumes flat, 2-keeled, 2-nerved,
upper glumes 3-nerved, keeled on median nerve. Lower florets empty or sterile,
upper florets bisexual. Lemmas short, translucent, deeply bilobed, awned, awn
bent below middle, lower part twisted. Stamens 3, rarely 2.