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Species : Acorus calamus Sp. Pl.: 324. 1753.

Genus : Acorus L.



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Perennial herb with stout, creeping rhizome, up to 80 cm tall, stem erect, glabrous. Leaves several, 55-80 1-2 cm, ensiform or linear, apex acuminate, glabrous, midrib conspicuous. Inflorescence spadix, straight or oblique, peduncle compressed triangular, spathe leaf-like, 30-50 cm long, acute.  Flowers numerous, densely arranged, yellowish-green, typically 3-merous, tepals 6, in 2 whorls of 3, oblong, keeled, as long as pistil, tips vaulted. Stamens 6, filaments oblong, flat, anthers 0.4-0.5 mm long, cream-coloured. Ovary 1.5-3.5  0.8-2.3 mm, obconic-cylindric, apex spongy, ovules 7-10 per locule, stigma subsessile, punctate. Fruit a berry, oblong-obovoid, 1- few seeded. Seeds oblong-ellipsoid to ovoid, subsmooth, light brown. Flowering and fruiting: April-August. Ecology : Swamps, moist places, pond and canal sides. Use : The rhizome is laxative, diuretic, expectorant, aphrodisiac, and is useful in the treatment of various diseases of general weakness, intestine, liver, kidney, and respiratory disorders.